Ever wondered which city is the most expensive in the world to live in? Well, you needn’t look too far.
According to The Economist’s 2020 cost of living index, Singapore is the most expensive city in the world, along with Hong Kong and Osaka (it’s a three-way tie for #1). Yes, we’ve actually overtaken notoriously pricey cities like New York and Zurich, which are #4 and #5 on the list.
What is the cost of living index?
Singapore’s official cost of living index is the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which is maintained by the Department of Statistics and tracks the prices of a fixed basket of goods over the years.
However, it can’t show you the cost of living in Singapore vs that of other countries. To do that, we have to turn to an international cost of living index such as The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)’s Worldwide Cost of Living study.
This twice-yearly study compares over 130 cities worldwide. To determine the cost of living in each city, the EIU looks at prices for 160 products and services, and the result is benchmarked against the cost of living in New York (formerly the most expensive city in the world).
Here are the top 5 most expensive cities in the 2020 cost of living index:
WCOL index (New York=100)
Is the cost of living in Singapore really that high?
The results of the EIU study might surprise us because the cost of living does not feel all that high, at least for Singapore citizens and PRs.
That’s partly because the EIU cost of living index focuses on expats and business travellers rather than residents.
It includes costs like rent and private schools, which are unlikely to impact locals. Other points of comparison, like food, clothing and entertainment, are also likely skewed towards a more upper-class lifestyle.
As Singaporeans, our cost of living is generally much lower than the study would suggest, because we can choose to live more simply and cheaply than the typical expat.
Also, we enjoy a tremendous amount of government subsidies across housing, healthcare and education, among others.
Cost of renting or buying a house in Singapore
Nonetheless, we do know that property is pretty expensive in Singapore. So how do we stack up?
The EIU does not publish this data, so we’ll compare prices using another cost of living source, Numbeo. Here’s what property prices look like across a handful of major cities around the world. We’ve bolded the more expensive ones for easy comparison.
Buy (per square meter in city centre)
Rent (1-bedroom apartment in city centre)
Cost of living comparison without housing
After removing housing costs, the cost of living in Singapore does go down quite significantly.
Essential expenses like food, groceries, transport (minus owning a car) and utilities are not too high in Singapore compared to other expensive cities. For example, according to the EIU report, a 1kg loaf of bread costs US$3.35 in Singapore, vs a whopping US$8.62 in New York.
We used Numbeo’s cost of living calculator to estimate the cost of living in each major city minus rent. These include groceries, public transport, utilities and leisure/going out in moderation.
Single (per month excl. rent)
Family of 4 (per month excl. rent)
Are taxes high in Singapore?
Personal income tax is generally very low in Singapore compared to most other developed countries. Here are the current income tax rates for annual incomes of up to S$100,000 in each of these cities:
Income tax rates
There is a range in tax rates because income tax is usually tiered. Therefore, your total tax bill would depend on the amount you’re paid. But it’s safe to say most regular people in Singapore would pay no more than 5% in income tax, compared to 15% or more in many other countries.
In addition, Singapore does not have “wealth tax” such as capital gains tax or inheritance tax.
However, taxation is high if you buy property and/or cars in Singapore. There are multiple stamp duties for property transactions and annual property taxes, while car owners need to pay a hefty sum for COE, plus ongoing road tax and ERP.
There are also hidden taxes in our regular day-to-day consumption in the form of the GST, as well as high duties on tobacco and alcohol products.
So, is the cost of living in Singapore truly as high as it seems on The Economist’s cost of living index? Probably not!
Granted, the cost of housing, be it renting or buying private property, is definitely among the highest in the world. However, the lower cost of food, groceries, transport, utilities and income tax help balance things out.
Perhaps what’s more alarming is how sharply the cost of living has risen in the past years. A decade or two ago, Singaporeans would have laughed at the idea of being as expensive as New York or London — but look where we are now.
- About us
- Contact us
- Partner with us
- How we make money
- Privacy & Cookies Policy
- Editorial guidelines
- © 2022 finder.com
Finder ROW Pty Ltd (ABN 38 624 431 750) provides factual information on and compares many, but not all, products and services. We are not a product issuer, credit provider or financial advisers nor are we a credit intermediary or broker. If you decide to apply for a product or service through our website you will be dealing directly with the provider of that product or service and not with us.
We endeavour to ensure that the information on this site is current and accurate but you should confirm any information with the product or service provider and read the information they can provide. If you are unsure you should get independent advice before you apply for any product or commit to any plan.
We are an independent comparison platform and information service that aims to provide you with the tools you need to make better decisions. While we are independent, we may receive compensation from our partners for featured placement of their products or services. We may also receive compensation if you click on certain links posted on our site.